1What is Aortic aneurysm?
Dilatation or ballooning of the abdominal aorta ( large blood vessel from the heart ) is known as an Aortic aneurysm.
If an aneurysm develops in the abdominal aorta it is called an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm – AAA
If an aneurysm develops in the thoracic aorta it is called as Descending Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm - DTAA
2Why it develops?
It develops due to the Weakening of the Aortic wall which could be due to advanced age, disease, or injury
3What are the risk factors?
Age (>50 yrs), Smoking, Hypertension, Family history
4What are the symptoms?
No symptoms, severe abdominal pain/ chest pain / back pain
5How to diagnose Aortic aneurysm?
Through clinical examination, USG abdomen, CT Angiography helps in the diagnosis of AAA
6What are the treatment options?
  1. Open surgery wherein abdomen is cut open and diseased aorta is replaced with Tube graft
  2. Endovascular repair (EVAR / TEVAR) wherein a small cut is placed in the groin and diseased Aorta is repaired with Endograft. This is a relatively less invasive treatment modality
7Why do we treat Aortic aneurysm?
  1. For relief of abdominal pain
  2. To prevent rupture and subsequent death