VARICOSE VEINS

1What is varicose veins?
Dilated, Elongated, tortuous veins In the leg are known as Varicose veins. It is more common in women.

   
2What are the types of Varicose veins?
  1. Truncal ( saphenous ) veins
  2. Reticular and Spider veins
  3. Atypical ( pelvic) veins
3What causes varicose veins?
Primary varicose veins are caused by either genetic influence or hormonal imbalance.
Secondary varicose veins could be due to DVT or vascular malformation.
4What are the risk factors for varicose veins?
Family History, Genetic tendency, Pregnancy, Obesity
5What are the symptoms of varicose veins?
  • Dull aching-cramp like leg pain
  • Heaviness in leg
  • Swelling in leg
  • Skin discoloration
  • Leg ulcer
6How do we diagnose Varicose veins?
Clinical examination by an expert
Color Doppler ultrasound examination is a painless, ultrasound examination of the leg which gives information about the functioning of the Nonreturn valve, blood flow direction, and other leaking veins
7What are the treatment options?
In early stages and mildly symptomatic patients, Compression stockings and drugs like Flavonoids and Calcium Dobisylate might help.

In symptomatic patients with leaking valves and veins, Various non-operative endovenous procedures like Laser Ablation, Radiofrequency ablation, Glue ablation, or MOCA are very safe and effective.
8What are the complications of Endovenous ablation?
Infection, Thrombosis (DVT/PE), Nerve Injury, Recurrence, etc
9What are the consequences of untreated varicose veins?
Luckily, there are no serious consequences like limb loss or life loss of untreated varicose veins. However, improper or NO treatment can lead to health nuisance like leg pain, leg swelling, skin eczema, skin discoloration, ulcer, etc.
10How to prevent Varicose veins?
Unfortunately, varicose veins can not be prevented
11What is the post operative care?
Very simple. A Person can resume all routine activities from the next day without diet restrictions.
The Person should wear compression stockings for 6 to 12 months

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